What Is Hirsutism (PCOS)? The Symptoms And Causes

Hirsutism is excessive hair growth. It can occur in both men and women but most often is seen in female. Women of European ancestry have higher rates than women of African descent. Asian women have the lowest rate. In women, increased hair growth is typically distributed on the body in a male pattern such as a facial moustache or beard, chest, abdomen, back and thighs. It is darker and thicker than the baby fine hair that women typically find on their body. For men, the back, ears and chest are the most troublesome areas. Genetic, there are very obvious family and racial differences in hirsutism patients. If your mother, grandmother or sister experienced the disorder, then you are at a greater risk of developing it.

What Causes Hirsutism?

The commonest reason for hirsutism is the abnormally high levels of androgens or male hormones in the blood. Androgens cause terminal hairs to grow faster and thicker. Including symptom :

1. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

 

PCOS is one of the most common endocrine or hormonal disorders and is characterized by multiple abnormal cysts in the ovaries. It affects around 1 out of 10 women and 1 out of 20 women of childbearing age. PCOS symptoms usually present themselves during puberty but may also begin in the early to mid 20s, some girls as young as 11 can get it. Certain symptoms are life-long, others will cease at menopause.

What Is Hirsutism (PCOS)? The Symptoms And Causes

A main underlying problem with PCOS is a hormonal imbalance. The ovaries produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone, and also androgens in girls. These hormones regulate a girl's menstrual cycle and ovulation, when the egg is released. In girls with PCOS, the ovaries produce higher than normal amounts of androgens, and this can interfere with egg development and release. Sometimes instead of the eggs maturing, the cysts are fluid-filled sacs containing immature eggs that attach to the ovaries. Those immature eggs will not be released and the cysts build up in the ovaries and may become enlarged. The multiple cysts, with a typical appearance of a string of pearls or pearl necklace, are a hallmark of PCOS. It's common for girls to have irregular or missed periods.

No one knows the exact cause of PCOS and there is no cure for it. The common signs of the condition, such as:

  • Infertility because of not ovulating. In fact, PCOS is the most common cause of female infertility;
  • Infrequent, absent, and/or irregular menstrual periods;
  • Hirsutism, increased hair growth on the face, chest, stomach, back, thumbs, or toes;
  • Cysts on the ovaries;
  • Acne, oily skin, or dandruff;
  • Weight gain or obesity, usually with extra weight around the waist;
  • Male-pattern baldness or thinning hair;
  • Patches of skin on the neck, arms, breasts, or thighs that are thick and dark brown or black;
  • Skin tags, excess flaps of skin in the armpits or neck area;
  • Pelvic pain;
  • Anxiety or depression;
  • Sleep apnea, when breathing stops for short periods of time while asleep;

2. The high insulin level in women is another cause of hirsutism.
3. Menopause.
4. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
5. Androgen-secreting tumour of adrenal or ovarian origin
6. Some medications
7. Puberty
8. Pregnancy
9. Metabolic disorders

Why Laser Hair Removal Is The Best Way To Get Rid Of Hirsutism (PCOS) In Women?

 

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