What Is Laser Hair Removal Induced Hyperpigmentation?
Treatment & Avoid

Hyperpigmentation is one of the rare side effects of laser hair removal treatment. Hyper pigmentation is meaning that more pigmentation are the skin color cells. It should not be confused with the dark burns that also could be caused by the LHR treatment. Burns are often painful while Hyperpigmentation rarely hurt at all.

When people especially with darker skin (Skin Types III-VI) do laser treatment, if they are exposed to excessive light energy which is pulsed at the skin, the body defends it self from the light energy, is to produce more melanin.
Usually, Hyperpigmentation will fade within 3 months though it can last for 6-8 months. Recent reports over the past decade have shown decreased the Hyperpigmentation with the longer wavelength lasers such as the Diode or Nd:YAG and the risk is higher with IPL and Ruby than with other lasers. Most reports implicate excessive laser energies and inadequate epidermal cooling as the primary cause. However, it can occur even when optimal laser parameters are used. Even in laser procedures that aim to erase hyperpigmentation, there is always a risk of causing its own hyperpigmentation, too.

What Is Laser Hair Reduction Induced Hyperpigmentation? Treatment & Avoid

Melanin is produced by melanocytes at the epidermis, when triggered areas with more cells will produce more melanin. So even when doing laser hair removal for the bikini line or legs, the Hyperpigmentation will appear at places where melanocytes cells are located, which will be over the forehead, chin, cheekbones, hands and other body area.

In the long term, most hyper-pigmentation will dissipate but may last anywhere from 3 months though it can last for 6-8 months and the entire skin will blend with the skin where treatment was not provided. The following are some options to treat to Hyperpigmentation.

1. Stay Out Of The Sun

Sun damage is the most common natural cause of hyper pigmentation. When the hyperpigmentation had been formed, even a small amount of sun exposure can cause more severe hyper-pigmentation. So, the best treatment for this condition is to stay out of the sun as much as possible. If you are exposed to the sun, using a good sunscreen with at least an SPF of 30.

2. Chemical Treatments Or Bleaching Creams

Hydroquinone is probably the most used bleaching cream on the market, which lessens the melanin, and the discolored patches fade, returning the skin to its original color. But it has a laundry list of warnings, including possibly having a negative effect on the liver that could cause health problems. The recommended dosage to treat hyperpigmentation is 2-4% concentrate being the maximum allowance. It worth noting that, Never Combine Bleaching Creams Together. The risks outweigh the benefits even the fact that combining creams will effectively eliminate hyperpigmented spots quickly.

Other ingredients that treat hyperpigmentation are cortisone and tretinoin. These creams take longer to show results and can irritate the area.

3. Laser Treatment For Hyperpigmentation

Lasers also can be used in removing undesired pigments. However, the laser procedures that aim to erase hyper pigmentation also can cause pigmentation problems too.

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