Lupus And Hair Loss, How To Prevent?

Lupus is an autoimmune disease where the body's immune system becomes hyperactive and attacks normal, healthy tissue. This results in symptoms such as inflammation, swelling, and damage to joints, skin, kidneys, blood, the heart, and lungs. It include Discoid Or Cutaneous Lupus, Drug-induced Systemic Lupus, Neonatal Lupus, and Subacute Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus. Hair loss occurs in about 45 percent of people with lupus at some time during the course of their disease.

There are two different types of alopecia with lupus :

Lupus And Alopecia, How To Prevent

1. Discoid Or Cutaneous Lupus

It can trigger inflammation to the skin especially in the facial and neck areas, which is normally caused by a rash which can lead to the development of red lesions with scaly or crusty appearance which can lead to scarring. Lupus hair shedding occurs when these lesions grow on your scalp, it causes damage to your hair follicles. If you leave it untreated, it can lead to permanent alopecia. In this case, the loss is normally irreversible, which is why early detection with discoid lupus is so important! The early treatment is key.

2. Systemic Lupus

The immune system destroys hair follicles, it is normally loss all over the scalp, but can fall out in patches. It can also cause the scalp hair along your hairline to become fragile and break off easily, leaving you with a ragged appearance known as lupus hair. This type of alopecia is normally reversible once the disease is controlled.

Additional, medications used to treat lupus can also cause hair shedding, Prednisone in particular, but other immunosuppressives as well, in which case hair fall often stops once the medicine is stopped.


While the actual causes of Lupus are still unknown, research shows that it is linked with genetics and can probably passed down from your family. Current there are some treatments that a doctor might be able to help you with for Lupus, but there are no cures. In all cases, the most important way to control hair loss associated with lupus is to control disease activity.